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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-81-327-1161, Caribbean Gulf Refining Corporation, Bayamon, Puerto Rico.

Authors
Cone JE; Lucas AD
Source
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 81-327-1161, 1982 Aug; :1-19
NIOSHTIC No.
00129598
Abstract
Employee exposures to tetraethyl-lead (78002), hydrogen-sulfide (7783064) (HS), and other refinery contaminants at the Caribbean Gulf Refining Corporation (SIC-2911), Bayamon, Puerto Rico were evaluated. The President of the Union de Trabajadores de la Industria del Petroleo requested the study which was performed in July and October of 1981. The facility employs 325 workers, including 110 production workers. General and personal air samples and health questionnaire information were analyzed. The highest personal exposures to HS were 10 and 14.3 parts per million (ppm) compared to a NIOSH recommended 10 minute ceiling of 10ppm. Two personal air samples for benzene (71432) exceeded the NIOSH recommended standard of 3.2 milligrams per cubic meter. None of the air samples collected were above the limit of detection for tetraethyl-lead. The health questionnaires revealed statistically significant excess reports of throat and eye irritation. Symptoms of intoxication while at work were reported most frequently among both maintenance and operations workers compared to office workers. The authors conclude that a health hazard to hydrogen-sulfide and benzene existed at the Gulfiner Unit and the Platformer Unit, respectively. Recommendations for maintenance and repairs as well as changes in maintenance equipment are provided.
Keywords
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; Hazards-Confirmed; Refineries; Toxic-gases; Petroleum-products; Air-sampling; Occupational-exposure; HETA-81-327-1161; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; Region-2; Author Keywords: Petroleum Refining; Hydrogen Sulfide; Carbon Monoxide; Benzene
CAS No.
78-00-2; 7783-06-4; 71-43-2
Publication Date
19820801
Document Type
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
Fiscal Year
1982
NTIS Accession No.
PB84-150333
NTIS Price
A03
Identifying No.
HETA-81-327-1161
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
SIC Code
2911
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
State
PR; OH
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