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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-81-327-1161, Caribbean Gulf Refining Corporation, Bayamon, Puerto Rico.
Cone JE; Lucas AD
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 81-327-1161, 1982 Aug; :1-19
Employee exposures to tetraethyl-lead (78002), hydrogen-sulfide (7783064) (HS), and other refinery contaminants at the Caribbean Gulf Refining Corporation (SIC-2911), Bayamon, Puerto Rico were evaluated. The President of the Union de Trabajadores de la Industria del Petroleo requested the study which was performed in July and October of 1981. The facility employs 325 workers, including 110 production workers. General and personal air samples and health questionnaire information were analyzed. The highest personal exposures to HS were 10 and 14.3 parts per million (ppm) compared to a NIOSH recommended 10 minute ceiling of 10ppm. Two personal air samples for benzene (71432) exceeded the NIOSH recommended standard of 3.2 milligrams per cubic meter. None of the air samples collected were above the limit of detection for tetraethyl-lead. The health questionnaires revealed statistically significant excess reports of throat and eye irritation. Symptoms of intoxication while at work were reported most frequently among both maintenance and operations workers compared to office workers. The authors conclude that a health hazard to hydrogen-sulfide and benzene existed at the Gulfiner Unit and the Platformer Unit, respectively. Recommendations for maintenance and repairs as well as changes in maintenance equipment are provided.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; Hazards-Confirmed; Refineries; Toxic-gases; Petroleum-products; Air-sampling; Occupational-exposure; HETA-81-327-1161; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; Region-2; Author Keywords: Petroleum Refining; Hydrogen Sulfide; Carbon Monoxide; Benzene
78-00-2; 7783-06-4; 71-43-2
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: April 12, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division