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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-82-61-1152, Neoplan USA Corporation, Lamar, Colorado.
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 82-61-1152, 1982 Aug; :1-10
Industrial hygiene and medical surveys were conducted and breathing zone air samples collected at the Neoplan USA Corporation (SIC- 3713), Lamar, Colorado, on March 9 and May 11, 1982 to evaluate the health hazard of zinc-oxide (1314132) fumes. The evaluation was requested by the management on behalf of 17 welding workers. Samples were collected for silver (7440224) and cadmium (7440439) as well as zinc-oxide. The OSHA standards are: 0.1 milligram per cubic meter (mg/m3) for zinc-oxide; 0.01mg/m3 for silver; and 5.0mg/m3 for cadmium. An initial measurement for zinc-oxide was 6.4mg/m3; however, on followup it was well within evaluation criteria, as were silver and cadmium concentrations. Medic interviews revealed effects from zinc-oxide fumes of upper respiratory tract irritation, cough, headache, nausea, chills, sweating, fever, and a metallic taste in the mouth. The authors conclude that there was a hazard from zinc-oxide fumes which was corrected by the time of the followup survey. They recommend discontinued use of zinc primed metal in welding, use of respirators, education on the hazards of zinc-oxide fumes, increased masking of buses before painting, and local exhaust ventilation of the welding plume.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; Hazards-Confirmed; Air-quality-measurement; Medical-surveys; Metal-fume-fever; Metal-fumes; Heavy-metal-poisoning; Welders; Region-8; HETA-82-61-1152; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; Author Keywords: Manufacturing/Truck and Bus Bodies, zinc oxide fumes, metal fume fever, cadmium, silver soldering
1314-13-2; 7440-22-4; 7440-43-9
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: April 12, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division