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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-80-112-1261, Jones and Laughlin Steel Corporation, East Chicago, Indiana.
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 80-112-1261, 1983 Feb; :1-18
Breathing zone samples were conducted and a medical survey was taken to investigate lung cancer and heart disease among workers at Jones and Laughlin Steel Corporation (SIC-3317), East Chicago, Indiana during July and August, 1980. A representative of the United Steel Workers of America, Local 1011 requested the survey on behalf of 70 production and 7 supervisory personnel. Concentrations of iron-oxide (1309371) ranged from 0.17 to 9.2 milligrams per cubic meter (mg/m3) compared with the OSHA standard for an 8 hour time weighted average of 15mg/m3. Respiratory symptoms included shortness of breath, wheezing, coughing, and phlegm production; the majority of symptoms were reported by cigarette smokers. Pulmonary function evaluations were all within normal limits. The authors conclude that a potential health hazard exists from iron-oxide and particulates, but no mortality or morbidity above that expected for this age group from cancer or heart disease was found. They recommend reduction of dust exposures and limitation of employee exposures by the use of engineering controls such as ventilation. Respirators should be worn by exposed employees workers should be screened for ability and equipment use prior to assignment.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; Hazards-Confirmed; Employee-exposure; Industrial-hazards; Particulate-dust; Iron-oxide-fumes; Iron-workers; Steel-industry; Steelworkers; Region-5; HETA-80-112-1261; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; Author Keywords: Steel Pipe and Tubes; iron oxide; nuisance dust; lung cancer; chronic bronchitis; wheezing; shortness of breath; steel tubing
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
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National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: April 12, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division