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Health hazard evlauation report: HETA-81-295-1155, Olin (formerly Allied) Chemical Co., Moundsville, West Virginia.
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 81-295-1155, 1982 Aug; :1-31
Personal and area sampling was conducted for dinitrotoluene (121142) (DNT) and toluene-diamine (25376458) (TDA) at Olin Chemical Company (SIC-2821), Moundsville, West Virginia, on June 4 and 5, 1981. Followup medical and industrial hygiene surveys were performed during September, 1981. Evaluation was requested by the International Chemical Workers Union for members of Local 839. A questionnaire was administered to 52 male workers for work history, tobacco and alcohol use, medical history, and reproductive status. A physical examination was also conducted. TDA ranged from below detectable limits to 687 micrograms per cubic meter (microg/m3) (No OSHA standard). The OSHA standard for DNT is 1500microg/m3; exposures ranged from 26 to 890microg/m3. A higher rate of reproductive problems, such as miscarriages were reported. There were no biological indications of current reproductive problems and no significant differences in laboratory tests between workers and comparisons. The authors recommend control of fugitive emissions from equipment and removal of residual products. Air intake should be avoided near potential sources of contamination, and work areas should be under positive air pressure. Exposures should be monitored and personal protection equipment kept available. Continuing education programs for workers are recommended.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; Hazards-Unconfirmed; Employee-exposure; Medical-surveys; Chemical-industry-workers; Organic-chemicals; Region-3; HETA-81-295-1155; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; Author Keywords: Plastics Materials, Synthetic Resins, and Nonvulcanizable Elastomers; Reproductive Effects; Dinitrotoluene; Toluene Diamine
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
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National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
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Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division