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HHE determination report no. HHE-79-84-1072, Gould Incorporated, Caldwell, Ohio.
Gorman R; Schwartz E; Melius J; Baker E
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HHE 79-84-1072, 1982 Mar; :1-20
The relationship between four cases of multiple sclerosis (MS) and occupational exposure at Gould Incorporated (SIC-3325 and SIC-3568), Caldwell, Ohio was investigated. At the request of an employee representative, environmental and medical surveys were conducted in May, October, and November of 1979. Four hundred workers were engaged in manufacturing bushings and bearings at the site. Airborne lead (7439921) concentrations in the production or clevite area measured in 25 personal breathing zones ranged from 3 to 217 micrograms per cubic meter with three samples exceeding the OSHA lead standard of 50 micrograms per cubic meter. Three area air samples for lead ranged from 64 to 1217 micrograms per cubic meter. Eighty three percent of clevite area workers had blood lead concentrations greater than 40 micrograms per deciliter compared to 11 of 179 workers engaged in other operations. Review of the records of the four employees with MS did not indicate any association with exposure at the facility. The authors conclude that there is no evidence that exposures at the site have resulted in MS. Clevite workers are experiencing increased absorption of lead. The authors recommend the implementation of respiratory protection and medical surveillance programs to reduce lead exposure.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; Hazards-Unconfirmed; Employee-exposure; Air-quality-measurement; Air-sampling; Breathing-zone; Medical-examinations; Region-5; HHE-79-84-1072, Author Keywords: Bushings; Bearings; Lead; Multiple Sclerosis; Oil Mist
Field Studies; Health Hazard Evaluation
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: November 6, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division