NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search
Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-82-329-1246, Social Security Administration, Baltimore, Maryland.
Smith MJ; Dainoff MJ; Cohen BG; Bierbaum DS
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 82-329-1246, 1983 Jan; :1-23
Worker complaints of blurred vision, headache, dizziness, neck and back pain, and nausea were investigated on July 13 to 16, 1982 at the Social Security Administration (SIC-9190) in Baltimore, Maryland. The investigation was requested by an unspecified individual on behalf of about 300 workers exposed to video display terminals (VDTs). Ergonomic evaluations were made, workers were given symptom questionnaires, and 32 employees were given visual function tests. Illumination levels at the workstations were highly variable, glare was a significant problem, keyboard heights were improper, and work chairs could not be adjusted adequately. Characters on the VDT screens occasionally were blurry, flickering, moving, or presented in insufficient contrast. The workers reported a wide variety of health complaints, mostly involving visual and muscular discomfort. Visual defects were found in 12 of the 32 workers tested. The authors conclude that potential health problems due to VDT use do exist at this facility. They recommend workstation adjustment, routine VDT repair and maintenance, and visual testing for VDT operators.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; Hazards-Confirmed; Work-practices; Clinical-symptoms; Work-analysis; Environmental-stress; Eye-function-tests; Fatigue; Mental-stress; Physical-stress; Visual-perception; Office-workers; HETA-82-329-1246; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; Region-3; Author Keywords: Federal Government; video display terminal; VDT; health complaints; job stress; visual disorders
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: November 6, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division