Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-81-396-1118, Keebler Company, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Lucas C; Liss G
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 81-396-1118, 1982 May; :1-22
Personal and area air sampling for airborne contaminants, review of work practices and conditions, and medical investigations were performed at the Keebler Company Bakery (SIC-2050), Cincinnati, Ohio. The evaluation was requested by a representative of the Bakery, Confectionery, and Tobacco Workers Union, Local 253 and was performed in August and September, 1981. An unspecified number of workers had expressed concern about eye irritation in the bake area and an excessive number of cancer deaths. Air samples were collected for dimethylpolysiloxane (9011192) (DMPS), aldehydes, alcohols, nitrogen-oxides, carbon-monoxide (630080), natural gas, and mercaptans. Samples for DMPS were below the detection limit. Exposures for ethanol, nitrogen-oxides, natural gas, and mercaptans were below OSHA limits of 1900 milligrams per cubic meter (mg/m3), 9mg/m3, and 10 parts per million (ppm), respectively. Carbon- monoxide concentrations peaked at 36ppm compared with a NIOSH exposure limit for a 10 hour period of 35ppm. Formaldehyde (50000) concentrations were below NIOSH standards of 4.5mg/m3. The reports of eye irritation were consistent with the atmospheric formaldehyde concentrations. No conclusion could be drawn concerning the incidence of cancer due to inadequate statistical data. The authors conclude that a health hazard exists from formaldehyde exposure. Environmental monitoring is recommended.
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