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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-80-119-1103, Aqua-Chem, Inc., Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
Ahrenholz S; Klemme J; Moss G; Melius J
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 80-119-1103, 1982 May; :1-35
A reported excess incidence of heart attacks at AquaChem, Incorporated, (SIC-3559) Milwaukee, Wisconsin, was investigated. The survey resulted from a confidential request and was performed in June and December, 1980. Personal and area air samples were taken to monitor welding fume exposure. Ultraviolet radiation and sodium vapor lamp luminance were determined. Medical, work and smoking histories were compiled for 52 workers. Exposures were cadmium (7440439) 0.00 to 0.05 milligrams per cubic meter (mg/m3), with 4 percent exceeding the criteria (0.04mg/m3); chromium, (7440473) 0.01 to 2.3mg/m3, 20 percent (0.25mg/m3); copper (7440508) 0.00 to 1.8mg/m3, 20 percent (0.1mg/m3); iron (7439896) 0.03 to 7.4mg/m3, 4 percent (5mg/m3); magnesium (7439954) 0.00 to 0.03mg/m3, 0 percent (0.015mg/m3); manganese (7439965) 0.00 to 1.6mg/m3, 4 percent (1mg/m3); nickel (7440020) 0.01 to 1.4mg/m3, 28 percent (0.015mg/m3); and carbon-monoxide (630080) 20 to 42 parts per million (ppm) with 17 percent exceeding the criteria (40ppm). Luminance quantity (exposure guideline: 500 Lux) exceeded the guideline. Symptoms were wheezing, and metal fume fever. No unusual incidence of cardiovascular disease was noted; chest tightness was associated with metal fume fever. The authors conclude that exposure to welding fumes may have caused metal fume fever. No health effects from sodium vapor lighting are seen.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; Hazards-Confirmed; Employee-exposure; Metal-fume-fever; Welding-industry; Heavy-metals; Air-sampling; Lighting-systems; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; Region-5; Author Keywords: Special Industry Machinery, Not Elsewhere Classified; Welding; Copper; Nickel; Chromium; Iron; Carbon Monoxide; Welding Fumes; Metal Fume Fever; Cardiovascular Disease; Sodium Vapor Lamp; Lucalox
7440-43-9; 7440-47-3; 7440-50-8; 7439-89-6; 7439-95-4; 7439-96-5; 7440-02-0; 630-08-0
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
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National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
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Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division