HHE Report, No. HETA-81-276-1100, Fire Department, Camden, South Carolina.
NIOSH 1982 Apr; :1-7
Possible health problems resulting from occupational exposure among firefighters in the Camden, South Carolina fire department (SIC- 9224). The study was requested by the International Association of Fire Fighters and was performed in April, 1981. The chemical sample obtained during the fire was analyzed. Interviews were conducted with the three exposed firefighters on symptoms, occupational history, and use of protective equipment, and medical records were obtained. The major component of the chemical sample at a fire site was polyacrylonitrile (25014419). Symptoms reported by two of three exposed firefighters included sinus arhythmia in an electrocardiogram (EKG), chest tightness, cough, shortness of breath, lightheadedness, nasal irritation, and dull headache. The author concludes that symptoms and EKG abnormalities are consistent with possible effects of pyrolysis products of polyacrylonitrile, including hydrogen-cyanide (74908) as a result of the fire, and makes recommendations to help prevent these conditions.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; Hazards-Confirmed; Occupational-exposure; Fire-fighting; Firemen; Toxic-gases; Cardiac-function; Acute-exposure; HETA-81-276-1100; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; Region-4
Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance; Field Studies
NTIS Accession No.
Hazard Evaluations and Technical Assistance Branch, NIOSH, Cincinnati, Ohio, 7 pages, 6 references