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Health hazard evlauation report: HETA-81-276-1100, Fire Department, Camden, South Carolina.
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 81-276-1100, 1982 Apr; :1-7
Possible health problems resulting from occupational exposure among firefighters in the Camden, South Carolina fire department (SIC- 9224). The study was requested by the International Association of Fire Fighters and was performed in April, 1981. The chemical sample obtained during the fire was analyzed. Interviews were conducted with the three exposed firefighters on symptoms, occupational history, and use of protective equipment, and medical records were obtained. The major component of the chemical sample at a fire site was polyacrylonitrile (25014419). Symptoms reported by two of three exposed firefighters included sinus arhythmia in an electrocardiogram (EKG), chest tightness, cough, shortness of breath, lightheadedness, nasal irritation, and dull headache. The author concludes that symptoms and EKG abnormalities are consistent with possible effects of pyrolysis products of polyacrylonitrile, including hydrogen-cyanide (74908) as a result of the fire, and makes recommendations to help prevent these conditions.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; Hazards-Confirmed; Occupational-exposure; Fire-fighting; Firemen; Toxic-gases; Cardiac-function; Acute-exposure; HETA-81-276-1100; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; Region-4; Author Keywords: Fire Protection; Fire Fighter; Polyacrylonitrile; Electrocardiogram
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division