NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Technical Assistance Report No. TA-80-095-1002, Caterpillar Tractor Corporation, York, Pennsylvania.

Authors
Baker D; Lewis FA
Source
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, TA 80-095-1002, 1981 Nov; :1-18
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00123668
Abstract
Environmental air samples were analyzed for ammonia (7664417), sulfur-dioxide (7446095), hydrogen-sulfide (7783064) hydrocarbons, and amines. Bulk samples of water based machine coolants were analyzed for contaminants at the Caterpillar Tractor Corporation (SIC-3714), in York, Pennsylvania, on January 15, 1981. A representative of the United Auto Workers, Local 786, requested the evaluation after employee reports of eye, nose, and throat irritation among about 80 percent of 220 machine operators. All air samples had no significant concentrations of air contaminants. Analysis of the bulk samples identified butyl-carbitol (112345), 2,6- di-t-butyl-p-cresol (128370), aliphatic hydrocarbons, toluene (108883), and xylene (1330207). Medical monitoring of affected employees for a 3 month period revealed few respiratory complaints due to exposure to the coolants. The authors conclude that no significant health hazard existed at this work site, and that the previously reported symptoms were probably due to chemical additives in the coolant systems and to irritants produced by microorganisms in the coolants. They note that the symptoms were substantially reduced as a result of increased ventilation, and recommend gradual addition of additives to the coolant systems, improvements in the procedures for using biocides, and other control measures.
Keywords
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; TA-80-095-1002; Hazards-Unconfirmed; Region-3; Air-sampling; Health-surveys; Environmental-contamination
CAS No.
7664-41-7; 7446-09-5; 7783-06-4; 112-34-5; 128-37-0; 108-88-3; 1330-20-7
Publication Date
19811101
Document Type
Field Studies; Technical Assistance
Fiscal Year
1982
NTIS Accession No.
PB82-187360
NTIS Price
A03
Identifying No.
TA-80-095-1002
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
SIC Code
3714
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
State
PA; OH
Page last reviewed: March 11, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division