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Health hazard evaluation report: HHE-80-106-963, Union Carbide, Sistersville, West Virgina.

Authors
Gorman RW; Froneburg B
Source
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HHE 80-106-963, 1981 Oct; :1-8
NIOSHTIC No.
00123594
Abstract
Employees were interviewed, medical records and previous health studies reviewed, and company environmental exposure data examined at Union Carbide (SIC-2818), in Sistersville, West Virginia on June 23 and 24, 1980. The evaluation was requested by a representative of the International Chemical Workers Union on behalf of approximately five workers in the Polymer Two Department who had developed tumors. Review of environmental exposure data revealed previous concentrations of allyl-chloride (107051) ranging from 0.1 to 0.11 parts per million (ppm), methyl-chloride (74873) in concentrations of 0.1 to 15.0ppm, toluene (108883) concentrations ranging from 0.3 to 67.0ppm, formaldehyde (50000) in the 0.5 to 4.0ppm range, benzaldehyde (100527) ranging from 0.01 to 0.04ppm, dimethylamine (124403) ranging from 0.2 to 32.8ppm, and trimethylamine (75503) concentrations in the 0.03 to 0.09ppm range. Exposures were generally of short duration and would not be expected to exceed current exposure standards. Most of the 31 workers interviewed reported instances of light headedness and mucous membrane irritation. Review of medical records of those reported as having lumps revealed findings of lymphoma cutis, thyroid cancer, mastopathia, cystofibrotica, clogged pore cyst, enlargement of regional lymph node accompanying stomatitis, a presternal tissue thickening, and in one person, a tender inflammatory swelling on the neck. There was no evidence of a cause specific disease cluster in the 34 death certificates reviewed. The authors conclude that there was no evidence of a lymphoma cancer cluster among workers in the Polymer Two area. They recommend improved ventilation in the kettle house and storage drum area, quality control of toluene used in production, and a more thorough evaluation of formaldehyde exposures.
Keywords
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; Hazards-Unconfirmed; Region-3; Plastics; Cancer-rate; Author Keywords: Industrial Organic Chemicals, Manufacturing; Silicone Oils; Toluene; Formaldehyde; Benzaldehyde; Dimethylamine; Trimethylamine; Methyl Chloride; Allyl Chloride
CAS No.
107-05-1; 74-87-3; 108-88-3; 50-00-0; 100-52-7; 124-40-3; 75-50-3
Publication Date
19811001
Document Type
Field Studies; Health Hazard Evaluation
Fiscal Year
1982
NTIS Accession No.
PB83-161240
NTIS Price
A02
Identifying No.
HHE-80-106-963
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
SIC Code
2818
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
State
WV; OH
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