Job decision latitude, job design, and coronary heart disease.
NIOSH 1981 Jun; :17
The relationship between job decision latitude job design and the development of coronary heart disease is discussed in a presentation to the 1981 International Conference on Machine Pacing and Occupational Stress. The manner in which job design strategies limit skills breath and decision authority and thus contribute to somatic illness is considered. Research results relating job characteristics, psychological stress, and coronary heart disease (CHD) are reviewed. The failure to thoroughly investigate associations between job characteristics and CHD is attributed to the lack of a complete model of job stress. The author concludes that job design strategies advocating limited skill usage and decision authority appear to be associated with many unintended, undesirable consequences ranging from skill underutilization to increased risk of CHD.
NIOSH-Contract; Contract-210-80-0002; Cardiovascular-system-disorders; Physiological-stress; Mental-stress; Occupational-psychology; Occupational-medicine
Purdue University, School of Industrial Engineering, West Lafayette, Indiana, NIOSH, Cincinnati, Ohio