Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-81-092-950, International Playtex Corporation, Newnan, Georgia.
Harris-RL; Stopford-W; Williams-TM; Gold-A
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 81-092-950, 1981 Sep; :1-38
Environmental air samples were analyzed for fabric molding process emissions, and workers were medically interviewed at the International Playtex Corporation (SIC-2342) in Newnan, Georgia during February 1981. The evaluation were requested by three employees after several workers reported health symptoms of skin disorders, dizziness, stomach and breathing problems and depression after exposures to chemical released during synthetic fabric molding. Molding fabrics underwent laboratory evaluations to measure emissions of molding temperatures. Weight loss from volatile emissions other than moisture ranged from 0.9 to 5.3 milligrams per gram for various fabrics. Pigmented fabrics, reported by molders to be the most irritating, had the greatest weight loss. Analysis of the molding temperature distillate from one fabric revealed butyl- esters of hexadecanoic-acid and stearic-acid, bis(p- aminophenyl)methane (101779), and silicone (3388043) compounds. Environmental air contaminants ranged from 0.01 to 0.05 parts per million. Environmental particulate concentrations ranged from 0.01 to 1.2 milligrams per cubic meter. Ventilation measurements showed an inbalance between supply and exhaust air for the building. All molders reported symptoms of mucous membrane irritation while at work. Other symptoms included headache, chest tightness, hoarseness, and shortness of breath. The authors conclude that the reported respiratory symptoms were related to mold emission exposures. They recommend readjustment of the ventilation system, engineering controls to reduce employee exposures to mold process emissions, and other control measures.
NIOSH-Author; HETA-81-092-950; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; Hazard-Confirmed; Region-4; Health-surveys; Synthetic-materials; Pulmonary-system-disorders; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report;
Author Keywords: heat set fabric molding; respiratory symptoms
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
University of North Carolina