Mortality follow-up through 1977 of the white underground uranium miners cohort examined by the United States Public Health Service.
Waxweiler-RJ; Roscoe-RJ; Archer-VE; Thun-MJ; Wagoner-JK; Lundin-FE Jr.
Radiation hazards in mining: control, measurement, and medical aspects, October 4-9, 1981, Golden, Colorado. Gomez M, ed. New York: Society of Mining Engineers, 1981 Jan; :823-830
A followup mortality study of selected United States uranium (7440611), miners is presented. Data for all cohort member deaths occurring through December 31, 1977 were analyzed. Person years at risk of dying and standard mortality rates were calculated. The average cumulative dose from radon daughters was 821 working level months and the average period of study was 19 years. The previously identified excess risk for lung cancer, a fivefold excess overall, was confirmed, but appeared to be peaking. Excess risk was seen as before for tuberculosis, other nonmalignant respiratory diseases and accidents. An increased risk due to chronic nephritis and renal sclerosis was found for the first time. The authors conclude that the overall risk of death of uranium miners is 1.58 times that of white males in the United States, and stress the importance of clarifying the apparent drop in lung cancer rates in the study group and the nephrotoxicity of uranium in humans.
Mine-workers; Mining-industry; Underground-mining; Risk-factors; Health-surveys; Epidemiology; Mortality-rates; Radiation-exposure; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Carcinogenesis
Radiation hazards in mining: control, measurement, and medical aspects, October 4-9, 1981, Golden, Colorado