Acute respiratory effects of exposure to diesel emissions in coal miners.
Ames-RG; Attfield-MD; Hankinson-JL; Hearl-FJ; Reger-R
Am Rev Respir Dis 1982 Jan; 125(1):39-42
The effect of exposure to diesel emissions was investigated in 150 coal miners. Ventilatory function measurements were performed before and after 8-hour day and evening work shifts. Sixty of the workers were exposed to diesel emissions. Workers wore personal dust samplers and passive nitrogen-dioxide (10102440) dosimeters. Workers were matched for smoking status, age, and years of underground mining. Although there was a trend toward greater ventilatory function decrements among the exposed miners, there was no significant difference in the ventilatory function changes during a work shift between exposed and unexposed workers. Ventilatory function changes during the work shift were related to smoking status both in exposed and nonexposed workers. The authors conclude that diesel emissions do not have acute effects on ventilatory function. The authors state that the potential for an interactive effect of coal mine dust aerosols and diesel emissions cannot be excluded.
NIOSH-Author; Mine-workers; Diesel-exhausts; Combustion-products; Lung-function; Pulmonary-function; Synergism; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Air-contamination
American Review of Respiratory Disease