Lung cancer and other mortality patterns among foundrymen.
Egan-Baum-E; Miller-BA; Waxweiler-RJ
Scand J Work, Environ & Health 1981 Dec; 7(Suppl 4):147-155
Updated results of a proportional mortality study among foundry workers are presented together with new findings from a nested case referent study of lung cancer. In the original study death certificates were obtained for 99.2 percent of the 3013 deaths reported between 1971 and 1975. The incidence of malignant neoplasms, lung cancer, and other respiratory disease was calculated. For the case referent study, 113 cases whose underlying cause of death was cancer of the lung, bronchus, or trachea were selected. A significantly increased odds ratio for lung cancer was found for iron foundry workers who died before age 65. Lung cancer rates were not increased among steel or nonferrous foundry workers, or among any type of foundry worker who died after age 65. The authors suggest that the environmental hazards of foundry work may not have been reduced by modern technology. They recommend indepth industrial hygiene surveys to characterize specific foundry exposures.
NIOSH-Author; Health-surveys; Lung-disorders; Foundries; Metal-workers; Epidemiology; Mortality-rates; Carcinogenesis;
Author Keywords: blacks; foundries; pneumoconiosis; proportional mortality; respiratory
Ms E Egan-Baum, Center for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati OH 45226, USA
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health