Health hazard evaluation report: HHE-80-052-878, Bethlehem Steel, Buffalo, New York.
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HHE 80-052-878, 1981 May; :1-12
Environmental and personal air sampling were conducted, and blood specimens were collected during February and December, 1980 at the Bethlehem Steel Facility (SIC-3325), in Buffalo, New York, to determine employee exposures to lead (7439921), nickel (7440020), chromium (7440473), manganese (7439965), respirable and total particulates, carbon-monoxide (630080), and nickel-carbonyl (12612554). A representative of the United Steelworkers of America, Local 2603, requested the evaluation on behalf of approximately 66 workers in the 13 inch bar rolling mill. All sampled air concentrations for lead, nickel, chromium, manganese, nickel- carbonyl, carbon-monoxide, and respirable and total particulates were below the respective recommended OSHA standards of 0.05, 1.0, 1.0, 5.0, 0.001, 55, 5.0, and 15.0 milligrams per cubic meter. The highest average blood lead concentration was 33.4 micrograms per deciliter, which was below the 40 microgram per deciliter recommended limit. Erythrocyte protoporphyrin concentrations were not indicative of lead poisoning. The authors conclude that a health hazard from airborne metals, particulates, and carbon- monoxide does not exist at this facility. They recommend followup environmental monitoring at the scrap burner and discontinuation of the practice of burning trash in the bar mill.
NIOSH-Author; HHE-80-052-878; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; Hazards-Unconfirmed; Region-2; Air-sampling; Health-surveys; Industrial-hygiene; Metallic-poisoning;
Author Keywords: Bar Mill; General Steel; lead; nickel; chromium; manganese; nuisance particulates; carbon monoxide; nickel carbonyl; bar-rolling mill; blood-lead; Free Erythrocyte Protoprophyrin; FEP