Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHEW (NIOSH) Publication No. 75-114a (revised), 1979 Jan; :1-5
A NIOSH standard for chloroform (67663) exposure is reviewed. Control of air concentrations in the workplace so they do not exceed 2 parts per million (ppm) in 45 liters is discussed. Medical requirements of the standard, including preplacement and annual physicals, counseling on the dangers of alcohol, and maintenance of medical records are outlined. Labelling requirements for shipping and storage containers and for areas of occupational exposure are presented. Clothing and equipment for eye protection, respiratory protection, and for gloves, aprons, and footwear are described. The need is discussed for properly informing employees of the hazards, signs and symptoms of overexposure, emergency procedures, and proper conditions and precautions for safe use of chloroform. Work practices, including the control of airborne contamination, contact with skin and eyes, emergency procedures, cleaning of spills, housekeeping procedures, personal hygiene, access to regulated areas, and control of soiled clothing are described. Sanitation requirements are presented for washing facilities, food facilities, clothing and locker facilities, and smoking restrictions. Procedures for recordkeeping and exposure monitoring also are considered. The author notes that the chloroform standard is designed to protect the health and safety of workers up to 10 hours per day, 40 hours per week over a working lifetime.