Technical Assistance Composite Report No. TA-76-105, 76-106 and 76- 107, Gould, Inc. Kankakee, Illinois, Sherwin, Williams, Coffeyville, Kansas; and N. L. Industries, Fremont, Nebraska.
Thoburn-TW; Carnow-BW; Conibear-SA
NIOSH 1978 Jul:43 pages
Medical factors were evaluated between September 29 and November 12, 1976, to determine possible health problems from lead (7439921) exposure at Gould, Incorporated (SIC-3691) Kankakee, Illinois; Sherwin Williams (SIC-2865), Coffeyville, Kansas; and N.L. Industries (SIC-3562), Fremont, Nebraska. The evaluation was requested by OSHA on behalf of 614 exposed employees at the three facilities. Blood lead concentrations of workers in the inorganic chemical facility were normal, while those of other workers were elevated but within the acceptable range of 40 to 60 micrograms per 100 milliliters of whole blood. Workers in the inorganic chemicals facility had abnormally high serum creatinine values but the values were not related to lead exposure. Serum uric-acids were significantly higher than expected and hemoglobins and hematocrits lower than expected, particularly in relation to elevated zinc protoprophyrin determinations. Most values were within the normal range. The investigators note that OSHA time weighted average exposure standard for lead is 0.20 milligrams per cubic meter. They conclude that lead may affect body functions even at blood lead concentrations considered acceptable at the time of the study. They recommend further evaluation of the cause of high serum creatinine values among workers in the inorganic chemicals facility.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; TA-76-105; Region-5; Region-7; Hazards-Unconfirmed; Health-surveys; Heavy-metals; Lead-absorption; Hematology; Chemical-industry-workers;
Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance; Field Studies
NTIS Accession No.
3691; 2865; 3562;
Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance Branch, NIOSH, Cincinnati, Ohio, 43 pages, 7 references