Forty safety directors and 27 line managers in 43 facilities within the glass (SIC-32) and ceramics (SIC-32) industry were surveyed to assess their perceptions and evaluations of behavioral factors related to accidents and accident prevention. The extent that each factor was descriptive of the current state of affairs in the respondent's facility, had changed in the last 10 years, was perceived to be important in relation to accidents and accident prevention, had ever been measured in the respondent's organization, and could be measured was investigated. Results of the survey indicate that the safety climate or orientation of a facility, as indexed by the extent to which the facility is seen by employees to be safety conscious, of joint line safety communication and decision making, of top management support of safety programs, and of facility tradition of safety consciousness, was related to accident frequency experience in a predicted manner. Goal emphasis, as indexed by explicitness and specificity of safety goals and by safety goals as part of a management of objectives programs, was also related to accident frequency experience in the predicted manner. Employee participation in setting safety goals was related to accident experience, but in an opposite direction to that which was expected. Training emphasis, as indexed by immediate safety training for new employees and opportunity to practice and exhibit safe behavior, was related to frequency rate in the predicted manner, as was supervision, as reflected in supervisory setting of a good safety example and maintaining high safety expectations.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (unpublished), Task Order No. 099-74-1815, 104 pages