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Technical Assistance Report No.TA-80-008-822, Spa Lady, Springdale, Ohio.
Tharr DG; Frederick L
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, TA 80-008-822, 1981 Jan; :1-5
Exposures to chlorine (7782505) and bromine (7726956) from the whirlpool bath at Spa Lady health club (SIC-7299) in Springdale, Ohio were surveyed on July 14, 1980. The evaluation was requested by the City of Springdale to investigate reports of eye and mucous membrane irritation and respiratory symptoms related to exposure to the whirlpool bath. Direct evaluation of conditions existing at the time the symptoms were reported was not possible since the bath had been drained the following day. Since bromine was used as the sanitizer and hydrochloric-acid was used for pH adjustments, water samples were tested in the laboratory for bromine and chlorine release following pH adjustment. Chlorine was found in all samples, and bromine was found in samples treated with bromide. Proper whirlpool monitoring and treatment procedures were not consistently obeyed. The authors conclude that both bromine and chlorine could have been released when the acid was added to the heated whirlpool. They recommend that water testing and treatment be the responsibility of one individual per shift, complete water testing materials be available at all times, a routine testing schedule be established, and that Spa members be permitted in the whirlpool only after added chemicals have stabilized and the composition of the water is known.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; TA-80-008-822; Region-5; Hazards-Unconfirmed; Halogens; Gases; Air-sampling; Eye-irritants
Field Studies; Technical Assistance
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: April 12, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division