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Industrial hygiene survey report on urea formaldehyde foam insulation manufacturing at C. P. Chemical Company, Inc., White Plains, New York.
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, IWS 69-16, 1980 Jul; :1-21
Worker exposure to formaldehyde (50000), acetaldehyde (75070), phenol (108952), nitrosamines, and noise was determined at C.P. Chemical Company, Inc. (SIC-2899) in White Plains, New York on March 3 and 4, 1980. The company was included in a NIOSH industry wide study of manufacturers and applicators of urea formaldehyde and polyurethane foam insulation. A chemist, foreman, and laborer were involved in the production of foam insulation at the company. The company maintained a formal medical program and informal industrial hygiene and safety programs. Protective devices, respirators, and a ventilation system were available. Peak and long term air samples were collected. Areas samples collected over the reactor charging port showed formaldehyde concentrations up to about 5 parts per million (ppm). Personal samples collected during resin drumming did not exceed the OSHA standard of an 8 hour time weighted average of 3ppm, an acceptable ceiling concentration of 5ppm, and an acceptable maximum peak above the acceptable ceiling concentration of 10ppm for no more than 30 minutes during an 8-hour shift, but did exceed the NIOSH recommended 30 minute ceiling limit of 1ppm. Acetaldehyde, phenol, and nitrosamines were below the analytical limit of detection. Noise was below the OSHA standard of 90 decibels on the A-weighted scale. The authors recommend that the charging port be modified so it can be kept closed or that it be equipped with local exhaust ventilation. Local exhaust ventilation should also be installed to reduce formaldehyde exposure during drum filling. Protective gloves and chemical goggles should be worn during resin and foaming agent drumming and a safety shower and eye wash station should be installed in the drum filling area.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Survey; Field-Study; Region-2; Health-surveys; Chemical-manufacturing-industry; Worker-health; Industrial-hygiene; Noise-analysis
50-00-0; 75-07-0; 108-95-2
Field Studies; Industry Wide
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division