Health hazard evaluation report: HHE-79-149-758, American Can Company, Chambersburg, Pennsylvania.
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HHE 79-149-758, 1980 Oct; :1-24
Environmental samples were analyzed for nuisance dust and isopropyl- alcohol (67630) and aldehyde vapors; infrared radiation was measured; and medical interviews were conducted with affected workers at the American Can Company (SIC-2654) in Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, from March 11 to 13, 1980. The evaluation was requested by the Chambersburg Printing Specialists and Paper Products Union on behalf of an unspecified number of employers. Thirteen of the 20 employees interviewed complained of eye problems and 6 complained about dust. Concentrations of dust ranged from 0.22 to 0.84 milligrams per cubic meter (mg/CuM), which was less than the OSHA evaluation criteria of 15mg/CuM. Concentrations of isopropyl- alcohol ranged from 193 to 422mg/CuM, which was below the OSHA standard of 980mg/CuM. Maximum irradiance on one press was 3 times greater than values recorded at 4.8 meters on the floor. The total irradiance on the catwalk of another press was 5.9 milliwatts per square centimeter (mW/cm2) and the maximum luminance was 10,000 femtolumens. Infrared irradiance levels were below 10mW/cm2, which is the proposed American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists guideline for cataract induction. Concentrations of aldehydes did not exceed the evaluation criteria of 1.2mg/CuM of air sampled proposed by NIOSH. The authors conclude that no hazard exists as a result of exposure to nuisance dust, isopropyl-alcohol and aldehydes, but there is a real potential for the infrared dryers to cause dry lips and eyes. They recommend that infrared dryers be provided with additional shielding, and that exposed workers be provided with protection and be given eye examinations.
NIOSH-Author; HHE-79-149-758; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; Hazards-Unconfirmed; Region-3; Health-surveys; Dust-exposure; Radiation-exposure; Air-sampling; Worker-health;
Author Keywords: Sanitary Food Containers; Nuisance Dust; Vegetable dusts; Aldehydes; Isopropanal; Infrared Radiation; Burning of Lips and Eyes
Field Studies; Health Hazard Evaluation
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health