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Health hazard evaluation report: HHE-80-126-777, St. Regis Paper Company, Bucksport, Maine.
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HHE 80-126-777, 1980 Nov; :1-13
Thirty minute air samples of ceiling concentrations were analyzed for formaldehyde (50000), styrene (100425), and methylamine (74895), by gas chromatography at the St. Regis Paper Company (SIC-2611) in Bucksport, Maine, on June 18, 1980. The evaluation was requested regarding eye and skin irritation of workers by an authorized representative of United Paperworkers International Union, Local 1188 on behalf of 20 employees working in the Coating Preparation Department. An environmental evaluation was conducted to determine whether formaldehyde, styrene or methylamine was causing the irritation. Concentrations of formaldehyde ranged from 0.40 to 0.42 parts per million (ppm). Styrene and methylamine were not detected. The author notes that OSHA and NIOSH data indicates that formaldehyde concentrations at the sampling parts of the mixing vats reach concentrations of 3ppm instantaneously and are capable of causing irritation. The OSHA standard for formaldehyde is an 8-hour time weighted average of 3ppm with a 30 minute ceiling of 5ppm. The author concludes that an irritation hazard to employees existed due to excessive instantaneous formaldehyde concentrations. A ventilation system designed to create a negative pressure inside the mix tanks, which will eliminate employee exposures to formaldehyde, is planned to be installed by the company.
NIOSH-Author; HHE-80-126-777; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; Hazards-Confirmed; Region-1; Plastics; Solvents; Environmental-engineering; Author Keywords: Paper Mills; formaldehyde; styrene; methylamine; eye irritation
50-00-0; 100-42-5; 74-89-5
Field Studies; Health Hazard Evaluation
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division