Cotton Dust Measurements in Mattress Manufacturing the Stearns and Foster Company, Mason, Ohio.
NIOSH 1972 Aug:21 pages
Air borne cotton dust concentrations were measured at the Stearns and Foster Company (SIC-2515) in Mason, Ohio, from August 14 to 18, 1972. The facility employed 189 workers. Pre-employment physicals, not including pulmonary function tests, were given at another Stearns and Foster factory. A nurse was available for first-aid during the day shift. Safety programs were supervised by personnel from another Stearns and Foster factory. Five of 12 departments handled cotton. An inspection of the physical facility identified airborne cotton dusts in the garment department as the only potential health hazard. The average cotton dust concentration in the garment department was 1.7 milligrams per cubic meter (mg/CuM), which exceeded the OSHA standard of 1.0mg/CuM. Other area concentrations ranged from 0.1 to 0.3mg/CuM. The authors recommend the substitution of a synthetic or non-toxic material for felt pads, the use of cotton with less trash content, the development of a vacuum system and efficient clean up schedule, the handling and treating of cotton so that the least amount of trash is released into the air, adequate ventilation and, in the construction of new facilities, complete enclosure for the operation of opening, conveying and garnetting.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Survey; Field-Study; Region-3; Health-surveys; Workplace-studies; Air-contamination; Health-services; Industrial-processes; Control-methods; Occupational-health-programs; Cotton-dust; IWS-34-11;
NTIS Accession No.
NIOSH, Environmental Investigation Branch, Division of Field Studies and Clinical Investigations, Cincinnati, Ohio, 21 pages, 1 reference