Occupational safety and health hazards in rehabilitation facilities are discussed. Hazards associated with fire, machine guarding, electrical equipment, housekeeping, material handling, and walkways and exits, and exposures to chemical and physical agents are reviewed. Hazard control methods involving engineering and administrative controls, and personal protection measures are outlined. Hazards due to poorly trained staff and outmoded equipment are considered. Routes of exposure for hazardous substances are listed along with work operations that commonly involve chemical exposure. The effects of the physical and mental condition of the exposed individual on hazard responses are discussed. Safety and health assistance services provided by federal and state governments and by private consulting firms are discussed.