NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

HHE Determination, Report No. HHE-79-39-604, Nevelle Chemical Company, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Authors
Pryor P
Source
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HHE 79-39-604, 1980 Aug; :1-55
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00103200
Abstract
An environmental and medical evaluations was conducted at the Nevelle Chemical Company, in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, to determine employee exposures to respirable dust, benzene (71432), toluene (108883), styrene (100425), xylene (1330207), oil-mist, and hydrogen- chloride (7647010). A representative of the United Steelworkers of America, Local 12046, requested the evaluation on behalf of about 250 affected workers. Total dust particulate values ranged from 3.78 to 150.3 milligram per cubic meter (mg/cu m). All hydrogen- chloride samples were below the threshold limit value (TLV) of 7 mg/cu m. Oil mist sample values ranged from 0.02 to 0.03 mg/cu m; below the TLV standard of 5 mg/cu m. Concentrations of benzene, toluene, xylene and styrene ranged from undetectable to 0.48, 0.49, corresponding evaluation criteria of 10,100,100 and 100 parts million. Clinical examinations revealed a significant relationship between symptoms of chest tightness, eye and nose irritation, and tiredness and exposure to the chemicals among production workers. There was a significant incidence of skin abnormalities among exposed workers. Pulmonary function tests revealed no abnormalities, and x-rays and blood chemistry tests were normal. The author suggests that some of the workers may be exposed to hazardous amounts of respirable dust. Preemployment and periodic medical examinations should be provided, ventilation systems should be improved, respiratory protection equipment and clothing should be used, and good housekeeping practices should be developed.
Keywords
NIOSH-Author; HHE-79-39-604; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; Chemical-manufacturing-industry; Hazard-Unconfirmed; Region-3; Air-contamination; Air-sampling; Airborne-dusts; Workplace-studies; Standards; Health-surveys; Medical-screening
CAS No.
71-43-2; 108-88-3; 100-42-5; 1330-20-7; 7647-01-0
Publication Date
19800801
Document Type
Field Studies; Health Hazard Evaluation
Fiscal Year
1980
NTIS Accession No.
PB81-170797
NTIS Price
A05
Identifying No.
HHE-79-39-604
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
State
PA; OH
Page last reviewed: April 12, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division