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Health hazard evaluation determination report: HHE-78-104-565, Universal Printing Company, St. Louis, Missouri.

Authors
Hervin RL; Donohue MT; Ruhe RL
Source
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HHE 78-104-565, 1979 Feb; :1-20
NIOSHTIC No.
00101042
Abstract
The workplace was inspected, employees participated in medical interviews and limited physical examinations and personal air samples were taken to determine exposure concentrations at a facility (No. 2) of the Universal Printing Company (SIC-2751) in St. Louis, Missouri on July 18 to 20, 1978. Samples were analyzed by gas chromatography for total naphtha (8030306), toluene (108883), ethyl-benzene (100414), m-xylene (108383), cumene (98828), 1,3,5- trimethyl-benzene (108678), and 1,2,4-trimethyl-benzene (95636). The evaluation was requested by an authorized representative of the Graphic Arts International Union Local No. 505 to determine potential toxicity affecting approximately 30 employees. Forty percent of these employees complained of hand and arm irritation and approximately one third of all employees reported seldom wearing or having impervious gloves available. Two cases of eye irritation were found with two other reports of previous eye irritation. Splash goggles were not available in the shop. Approximately 40 percent complained of occasional dizziness during blanket washing. The investigators conclude that, although employee exposure to airborne contaminants was not found to be toxic at the time of testing, exposure could be potentially toxic if employees worked overtime or did more cleanup or changeover operations than they did at the time of testing. The investigators recommend that ventilation in and around presses be improved, gloves be worn to avoid direct chemical contact, waterless handcleaners be used as much as possible, granular cleansers be used only for exceptionally heavy cleaning, hand cream be available after cleaning up, and proper hygienic procedures be observed after hand contact with colored inks. Use of chemical goggles, availability of water stream eye wash basin and first aid station kit, employee education on hygiene and contamination control, and sealing of chemicals when not in use were also recommended.
Keywords
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; Hazard-Unconfirmed; Region-6; Organic-solvents; Toxic-effects; Toxins; Air-contamination; Skin-exposure; Protective-equipment; Vapors; Employee-exposure; Air-flow; Sanitation; Author Keywords: Organic Solvents; Eye Irritation; Mineral Spirits; Dermatitis
CAS No.
8030-30-6; 108-88-3; 100-41-4; 108-38-3; 98-82-8; 108-67-8; 95-63-6
Publication Date
19790201
Document Type
Field Studies; Health Hazard Evaluation
Fiscal Year
1979
NTIS Accession No.
PB89-143242
NTIS Price
A03
Identifying No.
HHE-78-104-565
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
SIC Code
2751
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
State
MO; OH
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