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HHE determination report no. HHE-78-49-553, National Steel Drum Company, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HHE 78-49-553, 1979 Jan; :1-14
Personal and area environmental samples were analyzed for iron-oxide (1309371), total particulate, hydrochloric-acid (7647010), sodium- hydroxide (1310732), benzene (71432), toluene (108883), and xylene (1330207) at the National Steel Drum Company (SIC-7699) in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on March 20 to 22, 1978. The evaluation was requested by an authorized employee representative on behalf of approximately 30 employees. Workplace concentrations of all chemicals except sodium-hydroxide were below maximum permissible standards. Three sodium-hydroxide measurements were equal to or greater than the OSHA standard of 2 milligrams per cubic meter. However, the sampling methods for sodium-hydroxide were questionable and no irritation was experienced by investigator or employees. Several other chemicals were detected but were not identified. Among 14 former employees whose vital status could be determined, five of seven deaths were due to cancer; four of the five cancer deaths involved tumors of the lung or bronchia. The investigator concludes that there is insufficient evidence to confirm the existence of a health hazard at the facility. He recommends that employee exposures to chemicals in incoming drums, be reduced and that ventilation, maintenance, and use of safety equipment be improved.
NIOSH-Author; HHE-78-49-553; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; Repair-shops; Hazard-Unconfirmed; Region-3; Containers; Solvents; Mechanical-cleaning; Cleaning-compounds; Work-practices; Air-contamination; Air-sampling; Control-methods; Standards; Author Keywords: metal drum refinishing; iron oxide; total particulate; hydrochloric acid; sodium hydroxide; benzene; toluene; xylene
1309-37-1; 7647-01-0; 1310-73-2; 71-43-2; 108-88-3; 1330-20-7
Field Studies; Health Hazard Evaluation
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: December 11, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division