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Health hazard evaluation determination report: HHE-76-79-80-543, Weyerhaeuser Co., Longview, Washington, November 1978.

Authors
Edwards JJ
Source
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HHE 76-79-80-543, 1978 Nov; :1-137
NIOSHTIC No.
00101020
Abstract
Worker exposure to wood dusts were evaluated at the shake mill, new planer, old planer, bark, pres-tock, presto-log, plywood and resin areas of the Weyerhaeuser Company (SIC-2435) in Longview, Washington. Environmental samples were collected for analysis, and employees were interviewed and given physical evidence of occupational asthma due to western and red cedar wood dust exposure; the average dust concentration in 85 breathing zone samples was 4.72 milligrams per cubic meter (mg/cu m). Among new planer workers, 3 of 58 had occupational asthma due to exposures to Douglas fir and hemlock wood dusts, and sodium pentachlorophenate (131522). Average dust exposure for these workers was 1.28 mg/cu m. For old planer, bark and pres-tock workers, hazardous exposures to Douglas fir and hemlock, Douglas fir and alder bark, and alder wood dusts, respectively, were identified. No toxic exposures were found for workers in the presto-log, plywood or resin areas. The author suggests that all workers receive preplacement and periodic medical evaluations including pulmonary function tests; individual medical records should be maintained for up to 30 years; and workers should be educated concerning the hazards, symptoms and proper safety precautions associated with wood dust exposure. Exposures to Western red cedar dust should not exceed 2.5mg/cu m, and exposures to alder, fir and hemlock dusts should be maintained below 50mg/cu m. Regular air sampling should be performed. Specific work practices should be established for Shake mill workers, and ventilation systems in all areas should be improved.
Keywords
NIOSH-Author; HHE-76-79-80-543; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; Special-product-sawmills; Hazard-Unconfirmed; Region-10; Lumber-industry-workers; Health-survey; Air-sampling; Medical-monitoring; Medical-screening; Author Keywords: Pulmonary Function Tests; Wood Dusts; Asthma
CAS No.
131-52-2
Publication Date
19781101
Document Type
Field Studies; Health Hazard Evaluation
Fiscal Year
1979
NTIS Accession No.
PB81-144081
NTIS Price
A08
Identifying No.
HHE-76-79-80-543
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
SIC Code
2435
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
State
WA; OH
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