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HHE determination report no. HHE-76-73-523, Stearns and Foster Mattress Factory, Lockland and Mason Plants, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Piccirillo RE; Zey J; Boehlecke B; Merchant JA
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HHE 76-73-523, 1978 Sep; :1-16
Environmental and medical surveys were conducted on April 4, 5, 18 and 19, 1977 to evaluate employee exposures to cotton-dust at the Stearns and Foster Mattress Factories (SIC-2515) in Lockland and Mason, Ohio. The evaluation was requested by an unspecified number of factory workers on behalf of the 75 workers employed at the two factories. Dust concentrations in all departments at the Lockland facility were greater than those in the respective departments at the Mason facility. The sorting and quilting departments had lower dust concentrations than the garnetting departments at both factories. One worker complained of byssinosis and experienced an 11 percent decrease in forced expiratory volume (FEV) over the work shift. Sixteen workers had decreases in their FEV that were less than or equal to 5 percent over the work shift, indicating an acute bronchoconstrictor effect. The authors conclude that due to the limited size of the population, the lack of an unexposed control group and questions regarding selection and differential respirator usage, no firm conclusions can be drawn from this study and no generalizations to this segment of the cotton industry should be attempted. They recommend that the one worker with byssinosis be moved to another job with lower dust concentrations, and the other affected workers be given followup spirometry and respiratory questionnaires every 6 months.
NIOSH-Author; HHE-76-73-523; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; Cotton-dust; Hazard-Unconfirmed; Region-5; Occupational-dust-exposure; Toxic-effects; Lung-disorders; Pulmonary-function-testing; Humans; Author Keywords: Mattress Factories; Cotton Dust; Textile Mill Wastes; Cotton Linters; Spirometry; Byssinosis
Field Studies; Health Hazard Evaluation
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
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Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division