HHE determination report no. HHE-77-69-522, Chicago Tribune, Chicago, Illinois, August 1978.
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HHE 77-69-522, 1978 Aug; :1-21
Environmental and medical surveys were conducted on May 3 and 4, and September 29 and 30, 1977, to evaluate exposures to airborne ink mist at the Chicago Tribune (SIC-2711) in Chicago, Illinois. The evaluation was requested by the Business Representative for the Chicago Web Pressmans Union Number 7 on behalf of 350 pressmen, Junior Pressmen, and Apprentice Pressmen working in the pressroom. Many of the complaints and health problems reported by employees were not associated with ink mist exposure. One personal sample exceeded the OSHA standard of 5 milligrams per cubic meter (mg/m3) for ink mist. Oil mist combined with ink mist during roller lubrication generated excessive mist exposure for the pressman. Airborne trace metals were below hazardous concentrations. Atmospheric sampling and analysis of black ink did not reveal the presence of polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons. Benzidine (92875) and 3,3'-dichlorobenzidine (91941) were not detected in the atmospheric yellow ink mist samples. The concentration and composition of the airborne paper dust was not considered hazardous. The author concludes that inhalation of ink mist and paper dust at the concentrations found in the pressroom did not pose a health hazard at the time of the surveys. Precautions should be taken to minimize exposure of the pressmen to ink mist generated by operating presses, pressmen should wear the disposable single use mist masks when servicing operating printing units, that pressmen who come in contact with inks should be instructed to wash their hands before smoking or eating, kerosene should be stored in fire resistant safety containers with self closing lids, and cleanup personnel should be provided with protective clothing.
NIOSH-Author; HHE-77-69-522; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; Hazards-Unconfirmed; Region-5; Inks; Vapors; Air-contaminants; Employee-exposure; Lubricating-oil-mists; Analytical-methods; Printing-industry; Respiratory-system-disorders; Protective-equipment; Unions; Humans;
Author Keywords: total ink mist; oil mist; lead; chromium; nickel; cadmium; black ink oil; polynuclear aromatic classification; benzidine; 3,3-dichlorobenzidine; paper dust
Field Studies; Health Hazard Evaluation
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health