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HHE determination report no. HHE-80-88-698, Eastern Airlines, Miami International Airport, Miami, Florida 33148
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HHE 80-88-698, 1980 Jun; :1-5
An investigation was conducted from March 12 to 15, 1980 to determine a common etiologic factor behind the appearance of red dots on the skin of Eastern Airlines (SIC-3728) flight attendants. A request for the evaluation was made by an authorized representative of Local 553, Air Transport Division of the Transportation Workers Union of America. Two physicians and an industrial hygienist reviewed the written reports of 132 cases occurring in January and February, 1980 which indicated that 91 attendants had been affected. Analysis of the collected data indicated that the spots, which could be wiped off, were the result of handling demonstration life vests from which red ink rubbed or flaked off. Chemical analysis revealed that the ink matched the red substances found on the faces and hands of affected attendants. The ink contained a lithol-rubine and chrome-molybdate-orange (12213615) pigment dispersed in an organic polymeric vehicle. Since the demonstration life vests have been removed, no cases have appeared. The authors conclude that the flight attendants were not exposed to toxic concentrations of any component of the ink formation.
NIOSH-Author; HHE-80-88-698; Region-4; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; Hazard-Confirmed; Dyes; Occupational-exposure; Skin-exposure; Chemical-reactions; Coloring-materials; Chemical-deposition; Author Keywords: red spot; skin; life jacket
Field Studies; Health Hazard Evaluation
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: May 5, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division