Industrial hygiene characterization of photovoltaic solar cell industry.
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHEW (NIOSH) Publication No. 80-112, 1980 Mar; :1-343
Health and safety problems in the photovoltaics solar cell industry were evaluated. A comprehensive literature review and walk-through surveys of 14 production or research and development facilities were conducted. The investigation revealed that the industry appears to be generally well controlled, especially in the area of single crystal silicon technology. Comprehensive industrial hygiene sampling indicated that most chemical exposures were well within the standards. Exposures to silver (7440224) during grid metallization in one facility and to arsenic (7440382) during gallium arsenide (1303000) wafer production in another facility exceeded standards. The authors conclude that the major potential problems relate to containment and accidental release of toxic materials. They recommend further research into the carcinogenic potential of arsenic, cadmium (7440439), selenium (7782492), and beryllium (7440417), all of which are used in this industry.
NIOSH-Contract; Contract-210-78-0059; Industrial-hygiene; Electronic-components-and-accessories; Solar-generators; Semiconductors-and-related-devices; Chemical-agents; Physical-agents; Exposure-limits; Physiological-effects; Health-effects
7440-22-4; 7440-38-2; 1303-00-0; 7440-43-9; 7782-49-2; 7440-41-7
NTIS Accession No.
DHEW (NIOSH) Publication No. 80-112; Contract-210-78-0059
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health