HHE determination report no. HHE-79-103-640, St. Charles Furniture Corporation, Wright City, Missouri.
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HHE 79-103-640, 1979 Dec; :1-25
Environmental sampling and medical interviews were performed on May 25 to June 1, 1979 at the St. Charles Furniture Company (SIC-2599), Wright City, Missouri to identify exposures to isopropanol (67630), toluene (108883), mineral spirits, n-butyl-acetate (123864), carbon- monoxide (630080), and total nuisance particulates. An unidentified individual requested the evaluation for approximately 120 affected workers. Bulk and personal area air samples were analyzed. Airborne concentrations of isopropanol, toluene, mineral spirits, and n-butyl-acetate were well below the environmental criteria of 948, 375, 350, and 710 milligrams per cubic meter (mg/m3), respectively. t-butyl-4-ethyl-phenol (96708) and 2,6,di-t-butyl-4- ethyl-phenol (4130421) were detected in trace amounts. Carbon- monoxide exposures were reduced below the OSHA standard of 57mg/m3 following tuning and maintenance of propane powered forklift trucks. One personal sample of total nuisance particulates (11mg/m3) exceeded the environmental criteria of 10mg/m3. An absenteeism epidemic began with symptoms consistent with toluene intoxication, but subsequent outbreaks could not be related to any special exposure. The authors conclude that after the initial illnesses, stress and anxiety were probably responsible for the epidemic. Recommendations resulting from the evaluation include implementation of a safety and hazard education program, review of engineering controls, improved communication between management and workers, better housekeeping, and modification of the respiratory protection program.
NIOSH-Author; HHE-79-103-640; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; Hazard-Confirmed; Airborne-contaminants; Gas-vapors; Toxic-substances; Airborne-particulates; Psychological-factors; Physiological-response; Work-environment; Region-7;
Author Keywords: wooden dowels; stain; toluene; carbon monoxide; nuisance dust
67-63-0; 108-88-3; 123-86-4; 630-08-0; 96-70-8; 4130-42-1
Field Studies; Health Hazard Evaluation
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health