Reported sleep and drug habits of workers: a preliminary report.
Browman-CP; Gordon-GC; Tepas-DI; Walsh-JK
Sleep Research 1977 Jan; 6(2):111
The sleep and drug habits reported by 312 workers in a survey were analyzed. The mean age for the total sample of 365 workers was 36.1 years, and 63.5 percent were male and 36.5 were female. The average reported sleep time during the work week was 7 hours and 8 minutes with no difference between men and women. The workers were assigned to four quartile groups based on their sleep duration. Sleep disturbances were reported by 27.6 percent of the subjects, and higher rates were reported by sleepers in the long and short duration quartiles. Workers who reported daily intake of three or more alcoholic or caffeinic beverages, or took tranquilizers, sleeping pills, or medication for pep more than once a week were classified as heavy drug users. There were approximately twice as many heavy drug users as light drug users, and heavy drug users showed significantly more sleep disturbance than light drug users. There was no significant difference in the proportion of heavy drug and light drug subjects in the four quartiles. Among the heavy drug users, long and short sleepers reported more sleep disturbance than those in the middle quartiles. There was no relationship between sleep length and sleep disturbance for light drug users.
NIOSH-Grant; Grants-other; Physiological-response; Physiological-function; Physiological-effects; Personality-traits; Sleep-disorders; Sleep-deprivation; Behavioral-tests; Shift-workers
Psychology Saint Louis University 221 North Grand Boulevard St Louis, MO 63103
Other Occupational Concerns; Grants-other
St. Louis University, Saint Louis, Missouri