Work related accidents and illnesses among farm workers due to agricultural machinery and structures, exposures to toxic chemicals, and acquisition of zoonoses are reviewed. Safety and health studies, statistics, legal doctrines, expert consultant sources, and case studies of accidents are considered. Injuries from falls and machinery are studied. Toxicity and sensitization to fertilizers, hormones, feed additives, antibiotics, noxious gases, and other production chemicals are summarized, and acute and chronic aspects of 50 zoonoses are examined in relation to the general farm population and populations at special risk. The author discusses the inadequacy of existing documentation and compliance approaches, and stresses the need to develop a comprehensive health evaluation standard for agricultural workers. Priorities for further research are suggested and illness compensation questions are discussed.
Institute of Agricultural Medicine, University of Iowa, NIOSH, Cincinnati, Ohio, NIOSH Contract No. 099-72-0075, 789 pages, 583 references