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HHE determination report no. HHE-79-48-626, Lever Brothers Company, Pagedale, Missouri.
Hervin-R; Donohue-M; Peter-R
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HHE 79-48-626, 1979 Oct; :1-28
On April 9 through 12, 1979, employees were given medical interviews and examinations, and environmental samples were analyzed to evaluate complaints of dermatitis, dizziness, and soreness of mucous membranes during detergent manufacturing operations at Lever Brothers Company, (SIC-2844) Pagedale, Missouri. An unidentified individual requested the evaluation on behalf of 28 affected employees. Results of environmental sampling and determination of total and respirable dusts, and of alkaline in the form of sodium- carbonate (497198) and bicarbonate (144558), indicated respirable dust concentrations of 0.1 to 0.6 milligrams per cubic meter (mg/cu m) which were well below the OSHA standard of 5.0mg/cu m. Most dusts were in the large particulate or granular, nonrespirable range, but presented contamination problems on hair, skin, and clothing. Sodium-carbonate and sodium-bicarbonate concentrations were 11.13 and 2.89mg/cu m, respectively. Physical examinations confirmed the validity of the workers' complaints. The authors conclude that environmental conditions at this company were potentially toxic and recommend evaluation and modification of the current engineering controls and respiratory protection program, introduction of an improved education program, continued development and enforcement of health and safety programs, prevention of heat stress, and improved maintenance.
NIOSH-Author; HHE-79-48-626; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; Region-7; Soap-and-other-detergents; Hazards-Unconfirmed; Industrial-factory-workers; Medical-examinations; Physiological-response; Skin-disorders; Airborne-contaminants; Environmental-contamination; Respiratory-protection; Author Keywords: detergent manufacturing; total particulate; boron; alkaline products; skin irritation; mucous membrane irritation; rash
Field Studies; Health Hazard Evaluation
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: April 12, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division