HHE Determination, Report No. HHE-78-138-580, Tecumseh Products Company, Grafton, Wisconsin.
NIOSH 1979 Apr; :1-34
Medical records were reviewed, employees and management were interviewed, a specialized questionnaire was distributed, and personal and area environmental samples were taken in the Carburetor and Engine Assembly Areas of the Tecumseh Products Company (SIC- 3714) in Grafton, Wisconsin on October 19 and 20, 1978. An authorized employee representative requested the investigation to determine why employees were becoming ill and fainting during engine and carburetor assembly. Measurable concentrations of 1,1,1- trichloroethane (71556) and carbon-monoxide (630080) (CO) were found in both assembly areas, however, the values were below the OSHA exposure criteria of 350 and 50 parts per million, respectively. Two cases of elevated carboxyhemoglobin values were found, but no toxic exposures or related toxic reactions were identified. The investigators suggest that the initial illness outbreak was related to psychological stress among the workers, and that there was a contagious reaction. They recommend increasing and improving space and ventilation and decreasing vapors and odors, and suggest that employees be informed of first aid methods and reasons for environmental adjustments. A program of environmental surveillance or biological monitoring also is recommended, and if significant CO levels persist, ambient CO monitors equipped with a warning system should be installed.
NIOSH-Author; HHE-78-138-580; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; Region-5; Motor-vehicle-parts; Hazards-Unconfirmed; Health-surveys; Air-quality-measurement; Assembly-workers; Chemical-exposure; Physiological-effects; Psychological-responses
Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance; Field Studies
NTIS Accession No.
Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance Branch, NIOSH, Cincinnati, Ohio, Report No. HHE-78-138-580