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Health hazard evaluation determination report: HHE-78-13-577, Equitable Bag Company, Inc., Florence, Kentucky.
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HHE 78-13-577, 1979 Apr; :1-14
Environmental sampling, analyses of wet stock paper, confidential employee interviews, observation of work practices, and a review of the workplace and materials used were conducted to evaluate the possible exposure of 20 employees to formaldehyde (50000) at the Equitable Bag Company, Incorporated (SIC-7399) in Florence Kentucky. The request was made by an authorized employee representative and the evaluation was performed on January 12, August 10 and 16, and September 20, 1978. Personal and area samples were analyzed for formaldehyde, acetaldehyde (75070) and valeraldehyde (110623). Propionaldehyde (123386) and butyraldehyde (123728) content also was measured. Personal and area samples for formaldehyde ranged from time weighted average exposure limit of 3ppm. Environmental samples for total aldehydes were below the analytical limits of detection. During medical interviews, workers complained of respiratory and eye irritations, chest discomfort, and dermatitis. The reports of symptoms were more common during the summer months. The author concludes that a potential for excessive formaldehyde exposure did exist especially during warm weather and recommends that a maximum number of exhaust fans be used during periods of elevated temperatures, additional ventilation be installed at locations where wet stock paper is processed or stored, periodic sampling be conducted to prevent overexposures to formaldehyde, and precautions be taken to avoid needless environmental contamination from bags of lead chromate pigment stored in the facility.
NIOSH-Author; HHE-78-13-577; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; Region-4; Hazards-Unconfirmed; Air-quality-measurement; Work-environment; Ventilation-systems; Toxic-substances; Packaging; Author Keywords: Formaldehyde; Mucous Membrane Irritation (Upper Respiratory and Eye): Chest Discomfort; Dermatitis
50-00-0; 75-07-0; 110-62-3; 123-38-6; 123-72-8
Field Studies; Health Hazard Evaluation
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division