Manual materials handling: the cause of over-exertion injury and illness in industry.
J Environ Pathol Toxicol 1979 May/Jun; 2(5):31-66
Epidemiological, psychophysical, biomechanical, and physiological approaches to the study of the causes of overexertion injury and illness in the manual materials handling industry are reviewed. The results of epidemiological studies of the factors that cause low back pain are discussed together with methods to evaluate the individual risk of developing low back pain. Methods used in psychophysical studies to develop time systems for handling loads are described. Biomechanical studies using kinematic analogy models also are reviewed, and the development of gross metabolic limits through physiological studies is considered. The author concludes that performance of additional research is needed to substantiate the necessary controls to lessen overexertion injuries, and to determine who is susceptible, what diagnostic and treatment procedures are effective, and how physical stress combines with other agents to cause illness.
Physical-stress; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Accident-analysis; Control-measures; Accident-proneness; Industrial-hazards; Materials-handling; Working-load; Epidemiology; Load-distribution; Control-measures; Accident-prevention; Medical-care
Bridbord K; French J
Journal of Environmental Pathology and Toxicology. Toxicological and Carcinogenic Health Hazards in the Workplace: proceedings of the First Annual NIOSH Scientific Symposium, Cincinnati, Ohio, April 1978