HHE Report No. HHE-77-45-619, Ethyl Corporation, Houston Plant, Pasadena, Texas.
NIOSH 1979 Sep:21 pages
Interviews with management and labor, consultations with the Medical Department, a review of personnel and medical records, and a questionnaire survey were conducted at the Ethyl Corporation (SIC- 2869), Houston, a facility in Pasadena, Texas on June 29, and August 1 to 3, 1978 to determine whether tetraethyl lead (78002) exposure was responsible for one case of multiple sclerosis, cardiac problems, and three cases of multiple myeloma. The investigation was requested by an authorized employee representative of the Oil, Chemical and Atomic Workers Union. The Houston facility employed 1,100 workers, and 850 of these were considered to be affected. The mortality for employees was lower than expected for the general population, but there was a larger number of observed cancer deaths than expected. All cancer deaths occurred in individuals with more than 5 years exposure. The authors conclude that no current acute illnesses could be related to job exposures, but that a few occupational injuries and chemical exposures, primarily to lead (7439921) were found. Performance of a comprehensive epidemiological study to assess the cancer risk of this population is recommended. Ventilation improvements also are suggested.
NIOSH-Author; HHE-77-45-619; Region-6; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; Hazard-Unconfirmed; Mortality-data; Medical-screening; Epidemiology; Lead-poisoning; Toxicity; Unions; Inorganic-chemicals; Research-laboratories; Chemical-workers; Chemical-industry;
Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance; Field Studies
NTIS Accession No.
Hazard Evaluations and Technical Assistance Branch, NIOSH, Cincinnati, Ohio, Report No. HHE-77-45-619, 21 pages, 17 references