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Health hazard evaluation determination report: HHE-77-45-619, Ethyl Corporation, Houston Plant, Pasadena, Texas.
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HHE 77-45-619, 1979 Sep; :1-21
Interviews with management and labor, consultations with the Medical Department, a review of personnel and medical records, and a questionnaire survey were conducted at the Ethyl Corporation (SIC- 2869), Houston, a facility in Pasadena, Texas on June 29, and August 1 to 3, 1978 to determine whether tetraethyl lead (78002) exposure was responsible for one case of multiple sclerosis, cardiac problems, and three cases of multiple myeloma. The investigation was requested by an authorized employee representative of the Oil, Chemical and Atomic Workers Union. The Houston facility employed 1,100 workers, and 850 of these were considered to be affected. The mortality for employees was lower than expected for the general population, but there was a larger number of observed cancer deaths than expected. All cancer deaths occurred in individuals with more than 5 years exposure. The authors conclude that no current acute illnesses could be related to job exposures, but that a few occupational injuries and chemical exposures, primarily to lead (7439921) were found. Performance of a comprehensive epidemiological study to assess the cancer risk of this population is recommended. Ventilation improvements also are suggested.
NIOSH-Author; HHE-77-45-619; Region-6; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; Hazard-Unconfirmed; Mortality-data; Medical-screening; Epidemiology; Lead-poisoning; Toxicity; Unions; Inorganic-chemicals; Research-laboratories; Chemical-workers; Chemical-industry; Author Keywords: Tetraethyl Lead; Various Organic Compounds; Soap Production; Aluminum Alkane Compounds; Vinyl Chloride Monomers; Multiple Myeloma
Field Studies; Health Hazard Evaluation
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: April 12, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division