Case Studies in Occupational Health Programs: US-Mexico Border Industrialization Program.
NIOSH 1979 Jun:41-46
Occupational and social health problems of the industrialization programs along the United States and Mexico border are described. Factors such as poverty, unsanitary living conditions, illegal status of many workers, inadequate medical services, and environmental pollution are cited as contributing causes of disease. Migrant workers are found to have higher death rates from respiratory disease and a life expectancy of 20 years less than the national average. The social and economic implications of border industrialization are discussed. Industrial pollution and exposures are claimed to account for a substantial amount of illness in these areas, but there are no applicable federal regulations covering these facilities. Common exposures are to asbestos (1332214), sulfur dioxide (7446095), and wastes from lead (7439921), zinc (7440666), and copper (7440508) smelters. Psychological stresses from job insecurity and tense working conditions also are discussed. One possible solution involving the Association for Social Solidarity which proposes the development of a work commune and cooperative that is free from government control is described. The author recommends a joint effort between the United States and Mexico to develop solutions for human and environmental problems in the border region.
NIOSH-Contract; Contract-210-78-0053; Mortality-data; Biostatistics; Industrial-health; Socio-environment; Sociological-factors; Demographic-characteristics; Occupational-health-programs; Epidemiology; Migrant-workers;
1332-21-4; 7446-09-5; 7439-92-1; 7440-66-6; 7440-50-8;
Special Populations; Work Environment and Workforce; Migrant-workers;
Occupational Safety and Health Symposia 1978, Division of Technical Services, NIOSH, Cincinnati, Ohio