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Preparation and characterization of analytical reference minerals.
Graf JL; Ase PK; Draftz RG
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHEW (NIOSH) Publication No. 79-139, 1979 Jun; :1-221
More than 100 mineral specimens of 18 types were collected and classified to provide reference materials for developing analytical methods for monitoring workplace contaminants. Mineral specimens were comprised of those frequently found in industry. The samples were pure and similar in particle size to commonly encountered industrial dusts. Reference standards included five asbestos (1332214) minerals in fibrous and nonfibrous varieties, three silica polymorphs, (7631869) several minerals used as internal standards in current methods for analyzing silica polymorphs, and talc (14807966). Several specimens of each mineral were subjected to multilevel screening to select appropriate specimens for processing as final mineral standards. Screening included macroscopic evaluation, polarized light microscopy (PLM), X-ray diffraction (X- RD) and differential thermal analysis (DTA). When the optimum grinding and beneficiation procedure for each mineral sample had been determined, the best of each type was purified and ground. Final reference materials were again subjected to PLM, X-RD, and DTA. Particle size distributions of the final products were monitored.
Sampling; Standards-completion-program; Screening-tests; Airborne-contaminants; Ore-beneficiation
1332-21-4; 7631-86-9; 14807-96-6
NTIS Accession No.
DHEW (NIOSH) Publication No. 79-139
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: December 11, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division