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Health hazard evaluation determination report: HHE-78-120-608, Associated Grocers, Inc., Seattle, Washington.
Apol AG; Johnson WM
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HHE 78-120-608, 1979 Jul; :1-11
Toxic exposure to cleaning chemicals used at Associated Grocers, Inc. (SIC-5411), Seattle, Washington, was evaluated on February 22 and March 23, 1979 in response to a request from an authorized employee representative. Air samples were collected and analyzed for levels of sodium-hydroxide (1310732), isopropyl-alcohol (67630), and butyl cellosolve (111762). All were found to be within OSHA limits (2 milligrams per cubic meter of air, 400, and 50 parts per million parts of air, respectively). Toxic levels of sodium hydroxide were measured at a 500 gallon caustic solution tank (6.4 milligrams per cubic meters of air). A review of the medical records of four employees did not reveal any problems conclusively related to work. It is concluded that a hazard exists during use of the caustic solution tank, but not in relation to general environmental levels of chemicals. To reduce exposure to sodium hydroxide dust, it is recommended that a liquid concentrate, and granulated instead of powdered sodium-hydroxide be used. Also recommended is the use of protective clothing and gear, and the labeling of contents in the caustic tank.
NIOSH-Author; HHE-78-120-608; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; Region-10; Grocery-stores; Hazards-Confirmed; Occupational-exposure; Air-sampling; Retail-workers; Author Keywords: Sodium Hydroxide; Cleaners; Throat Irritation
1310-73-2; 67-63-0; 111-76-2
Field Studies; Health Hazard Evaluation
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: December 11, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division