Chapter 7. Interaction between smoking and occupational exposures.
French-JG; Stein-HP; McKay-WJ; Albright-BE; Casey-GE; Howarth-CI
Smoking and Health: A Report of the Surgeon General, Office on Smoking and Health, DHEW, Washington, D.C. 1979; :7.1-7.25
Examples of modes of action between smoking and occupational exposures are reviewed, along with trends in smoking habits and in morbidity and mortality rates for various occupational groups. Results of the review suggest that studies on the health effects of smoking should take occupational exposures into consideration and vice versa and should include data on nonsmoking workers as well as unexposed smoking and nonsmoking controls. Increased lung cancer rates in nonwhite males compared to white males should be investigated further with respect to occupational exposures and smoking habits. Changes in the smoking habits of blue collar workers should be used as a base to assess more critically the contribution of smoking versus occupational exposure to certain disease states. Workplace agents that interact with the smoking of tobacco to produce adverse health effects should be identified. Mechanisms of synergism between smoking and occupational exposures and the impact of the combination of smoking and workplace exposures on reproductive experience also should be studied further. Other recommended areas of research include the impact of smoking in the workplace on accidents, the effect of sidestream smoke in the development of occupational disease in nonsmoking workers, and the effects of cessation of smoking on lung cancer risk among those occupationally exposed to toxic workplace agents.
Smokers; Industrial-health-programs; Occupational-health-programs; Toxic-effects; Behavior; Education; Prevention; Environmental-health; Cigarette smoking; Occupational exposure
Smoking and Health: A Report of the Surgeon General, Office on Smoking and Health, DHEW, Washington, D.C.