The 1970 Occupational Safety and Health Act has created a National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) and has given it awesome research responsibilities. NIOSH works together with the Department of Labor, which is responsible for enforcement of standards and regulations, by developing technical criteria for the recommended standards and conducting research and training for their enforcement. A highly decentralized agency, NIOSH concentrates on applied rather than basic research, and in 1972 spent 70 per cent of its 26.5 million dollar budget for research programs. There is an emphasis on setting priorities and establishing reliable data for in- factory working conditions of the majority of American workers. NIOSH conducts epidemiological research focusing on specific occupational hazards, studies psychological, behavioral, and motivational factors of worker health and safety, and is also conducting research on ergonomics, physical agents, work physiology, engineering, and toxicology.