Psychological-Behavioral Strategies for Accident Control: A System for Diagnosis and Intervention.
Tuttle-TC; Wood-GD; Grether-CB; Reed-DE
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Rockville, Maryland 1974 Dec:508 pages
A methodology essential to implementing a behavioral approach to accident control is described. It has three parts: (1) diagnosis, (2) tracing system, and (3) intervention strategy (action modules). The Diagnostic Safety Form (DSF) permits the diagnosis of dangerous behaviors and conditions. The DSF is a 399 item inventory which identifies safety problems at individual job levels. Input in the safety diagnosis is derived from incumbents, foremen/supervisors, and management personnel. The diagnosis reflects a combination of the four sources. The DSF is included in the report; its data is used to select a course of action. The "tracing system" permits the user to trace from a specific DSF response profile to specific intervention strategies. This is a quantitative method which combines a prior weights for DSF with DSF item responses for arriving at a relevance score for each of 30 action modules. These scores enable the user to rank order of each of the action modules according to judged relevance to the conditions and behaviors encountered in the diagnosis. The third phase in the set of action modules, is an intervention technique in an organization to improve safety performance. Thirty separate modules covering strategies exist. These have three support modules covering job analysis, organizational analysis, and person analysis methods. Each module contains four sections: (1) purpose, (2) steps necessary to implement the technique, (3) factors to consider, and (4) recommendations for evaluating the obtained results. The user organization remains in control of the intervention process, and this is the underlying basis of the action module.
NIOSH-Contract; Contract-099-73-0061; Accident-analysis; Failure-analysis; Human-factors-engineering; Job-analysis; Psychological-effects; Psychological-responses; Accident-prevention; Control-methods; Work-performance; Ergonomics; Safety-engineering;
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Rockville, Maryland