Study of occupational stressors and the incidence of disease/risk.
Reducing occupational stress: proceedings of a conference May 10-12, 1977, Westchester Division, New York Hospital - Cornell Medical Center. McLean A; Black B; Colligan M, eds. Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHEW (NIOSH) Publication No. 78-140, 1978 Apr; :52-61
The significance of occupational stress in the pathogenesis of disease was investigated in groups of white collar workers over a 3 year period. The study correlated perceived organizational stress (e.g. role ambiguity, conflict, overload and underload) with the incidence of disease/disease risk (e.g. hypertension, ulcer, heavy smoking). Data were collected by periodic health examination. Pathogenic effects of psychological stressors were indicated. Over the study period there was a significant increase in disease/disease risk. Individuals found completely free of risk factors decreased from 77.9% in 1974 to 60.5% in 1976. Persons with one, two, three or more health problems increased. Examinees found their work to be more stressful during the course of the study. The stress index in 1974 in one group of 896 subjects was 2.20. In the same group in 1975, the mean stress index was 2.32. The stressors which produce the pathophysiologic response are role ambiguity, role conflict, underload and overstimulation. The aggravating and intensifying influence of economic and organizational dynamics on the levels of stress and disease is considered a topic for management attention.
Contract-210-77-0041; NIOSH-Publication; Psychological-factors; Supervisory-personnel; Morbidity-rates; Psychological-stress; Pathogenesis
McLean A; Black B; Colligan M
DHEW (NIOSH) Publication No. 78-140; Contract-210-77-0041
Reducing occupational stress: proceedings of a conference May 10-12, 1977, Westchester Division, New York Hospital - Cornell Medical Center