Occupational Stress, Social Support and Health.
NIOSH 1978 Apr:8-29
A potential social mechanism for mitigating the deleterious effects of occupational stress on health is described. It is maintained that people have social support if they have a relationship with one or more persons which is characterized by relatively frequent interactions, strong and positive feelings, and especially perceived ability to lend emotional or instrumental assistance in time of need. The work supervisor and spouse are the significant others who are particularly suited to lend social support. The data suggest that applied programs can be effective, and are more likely to be effective, if they concentrate their efforts on ensuring that each person has a supportive relationship with just one or two significant others. Social support reduces occupational stress and the deleterious health consequences which result from such stress. The literature on occupational social support is also reviewed with a discussion of the limits of current knowledge.
NIOSH-Contract; Contract-210-77-0041; Psychological-factors; Occupational-psychology; Behavior; Psychological-responses; Psychological-stress; Tension; Sociological-factors;
Reducing Occupational Stress, Proceedings of a Conference May 10-12, 1977 at Westchester Division, New York Medical Center, White Plains, New York, Division of Biomedical and Behavioral Science, NIOSH, Cincinnati, Ohio, DHEW Publication No. 78-140, NIOSH Contract No. 210-77-0041